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Understanding stock splits and their impact


Stock splits remain a topic of significant interest and, occasionally, confusion. For the uninitiated, the mechanics and implications of a stock split might seem perplexing. Yet, for the discerning investor, understanding these splits can offer crucial insights into a company's strategy and its perception of stock value.

But that won’t be the case anymore for you. Because we have written a comprehensive article for you to learn everything about stock splits.

By the end of this article, readers will have a comprehensive grasp of stock splits, empowering them to make more informed investment choices and to understand the broader implications of such corporate decisions.

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What Is a Stock Split?

A stock split is a corporate action taken by a company's board of directors where they increase the number of shares that are in circulation by issuing more shares to current shareholders. 

Essentially, the company divides its existing shares into multiple shares to decrease the trading price of each share. 

Think of it as slicing a pizza: whether you cut the pizza into 8 or 16 slices, the size of the pizza remains unchanged, but each slice becomes smaller. 

In the world of stocks, the reason for executing such a strategy can range from making the shares seem more affordable to retail investors to increasing liquidity.


How Does a Stock Split Work?

When a company announces a stock split, it specifies a ratio. The most common ratios are 2-for-1 and 3-for-1,. Here's a brief breakdown:

  • 2-for-1 Split: In this scenario, for every single share an investor owns, they now hold two shares post-split. If they had 100 shares before the split, they would have 200 after the split. If the stock was trading at $100 before the split, post-split, it might trade around $50, given that the number of shares has doubled but the company's overall value remains the same.
  • 3-for-1 Split: This means that for every share an investor owns, they'll have three after the split. If they held 100 shares, post-split, they'd own 300 shares. If the stock was trading at $150 pre-split, after the split, it could trade around $50.

Once a stock split is announced, the company will also specify a record date. Only shareholders on record as of that date will receive the additional shares resulting from the split. 

After the split, the stock usually trades at a proportionally reduced price, but as highlighted before, the company's overall market value remains unchanged.


Advantages & Disadvantages of a Stock Split

Stock splits can be a double-edged sword. While they might present a variety of benefits for both the company and its investors, there are also potential drawbacks that can emerge from such a corporate decision. To paint a clearer picture, let's delve into the primary advantages and disadvantages associated with stock splits.


  1. Increased liquidity: A stock split often results in more shares being available for trading. This heightened liquidity can lead to tighter bid-ask spreads and more efficient order execution.
  2. Perceived affordability: While the intrinsic value of the company remains unchanged, the reduced price per share after a stock split can make the stock seem more affordable to retail investors. This can lead to increased interest and buying activity.


  1. Misleading perception: Some investors might misinterpret the reduced share price as a "discount" or "sale," not understanding that the intrinsic value of their holdings remains unchanged.
  2. Potential for increased volatility: While a broader investor base can stabilise a stock, the influx of new, potentially less-experienced investors can also lead to increased short-term trading and volatility.

Check out this interesting article as well: How to trade CFD cannabis stocks


Example of a Stock Split Scenarios

When it comes to stock splits, the theory can sometimes seem abstract without concrete examples. To facilitate better comprehension and showcase how stock splits might play out in real-world situations, let's consider a couple of hypothetical scenarios involving companies deciding to split their stocks.

Tech Titan Split

Imagine a tech giant, say, "Tech Titan Inc.," whose stock has been performing exceptionally well, reaching a price of $1,200 per share. Recognizing the potential benefits of enhancing stock liquidity and making shares more palatable to the average investor, the company announces a 3-for-1 stock split. 

Following the split, for every share an investor previously owned, they now possess three. 

Accordingly, the share price recalibrates to approximately $300. Notably, despite the altered share price and quantity, the cumulative value of an investor's holdings remains unchanged.

Danesh Biotech

Consider a biotech firm, "Danesh Biotech Corp.," trading at $500 per share. The firm decides on a 5-for-1 stock split to attract more individual investors and broaden its shareholder base. 

Post-split, an investor who initially held 20 shares worth $10,000 in total will now hold 100 shares. However, each share will now be priced at approximately $100. Again, the overall value of the investor's holdings hasn't changed, but the number of shares they hold has increased.


The bottom line

Stock splits, while altering share numbers and prices, maintain a company's overall value. Their multifaceted nature brings both benefits and challenges, influencing liquidity, affordability, and market dynamics. 

By understanding their mechanics and implications, investors are better positioned to navigate the financial terrain. 

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“When considering shares for trading and price predictions, remember that trading CFDs involves a significant degree of risk and could result in capital loss. Past performance is not indicative of any future results. This information is provided for informative purposes only and should not be construed to be investment advice.”

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