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A Guide To Support And Resistance Trading


The concepts of support and resistance represent psychological levels where traders tend to buy or sell assets. Identifying these levels and knowing how to trade off them can greatly improve a trader's chances of success.

This comprehensive guide will teach you about support and resistance - what they are and their types, how to identify them, and most importantly, how to utilize them in your trading plan. You'll learn techniques for confirming genuine support/resistance levels as well as strategies to trade bounces and breakouts from these critical areas.

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What are support and resistance levels?

In financial markets, support and resistance refer to price levels where the probability of price reversing its current trend is relatively high.

Support levels indicate where buyer demand tends to cluster, supporting asset prices during downtrends. Buying activity typically increases sufficiently when the price drops to these levels to overcome selling pressure, stopping the decline and stabilizing prices.

Conversely, resistance levels mark where selling pressure outweighs buying pressure as the price rises. This causes the uptrend to halt and prices to consolidate or reverse. The more times a support or resistance level is tested without giving way, the stronger that area is.


4 types of support and resistance

Traders use various forms of support and resistance levels. Here are the most common types:

1. Round numbers

Even whole numbers like 10, 100, 500, etc. tend to act as psychological levels. Traders disproportionately place buy/sell orders at obvious round price points, leading to increased activity and potential reversals.

2. Trendline S&R

Connecting previous swing highs or lows forms ascending or descending trendlines, indicating dynamic zones that can reverse price trends when touched. The more often a trendline holds, the stronger the supporting/resisting line becomes.

3. Fibonacci S&R

Key Fibonacci ratios like 0.236, 0.382, 0.500, 0.618, etc., applied to prior swings tend to create potential reversal levels due to large traders and algorithms' institutional usage of the same ratios.

4. Support and resistance indicator

Some indicators like Moving Averages, Bollinger Bands or Pivot Points highlight zones where traders likely accumulate longs or shorts. These indicators highlight specific price levels that are statistically significant and can often attract buyers or sellers. When the price approaches these levels, traders may anticipate a reaction, which could result in a change in the direction of the trend or a temporary price reversal. 


How to trade using support and resistance

Support and resistance levels are areas that traders watch closely to identify potential entry and exit points. When you have identified strong support and resistance levels through previous price action or other technical analysis techniques, you can use these levels to make higher probability trades with predefined risk management rules.

Entering long trades

When the price drops to a support area, you can look to buy and take advantage of a bounce higher. Place buy limit orders just above key support levels to automatically trigger long trades as support is reached. This allows you to enter support without manually watching the price action. 

Entering short trades

As the price rises to a resistance zone, you may expect a lower reversal. Sell short at or below resistance when you anticipate the price bouncing lower off this area. These can be efficiently made with market orders as the price tests the overhead zone. 

Using stops to limit risk


A Guide To Support And Resistance Trading


No matter what type of entries you use at support and resistance, be sure to strictly limit risk with stop-loss orders placed beyond these critical levels. This way, if the price breaks support or resistance instead of holding as expected, you are stopped for a predefined loss before the move goes too far against you. Smart risk management is crucial when trading near major support and resistance areas.


Trading strategies using support and resistance

Let's discuss three trading strategies to consider using strong zones of support and resistance:

Breakout trades

Trading breakouts focus on entering positions as the price decreases above resistance or below support. The assumption is that broken support and resistance levels will propel sharp, impulsive price moves as market psychology shifts.

Boundary trades

Boundary or range trading involves buying near support and selling near resistance to capture price movement between well-defined zones. This allows pip harvesting as the price bounces repeatedly between areas of significant buying and selling pressure.

Reversal Trades

Reversal trading means entering just as support or resistance levels hold, causing the existing price trend to reverse course. Well-timed entries require solid confirmation signals like candlestick patterns, momentum divergences or chart pattern breakouts to improve major-level accuracy. Reversals can fail, so prudent risk management is essential until the new trend establishes itself.

Mastering these core trading strategies involving support and resistance levels can enhance your overall market success and trading results. Give them a try!

Read this article for more insights: Effective Strategies for Trading Forex CFDs 


Tips when doing support and resistance trading

Throwbacks and backtests

Watch for throwbacks and backtests after support or resistance levels are initially broken. This involves a broken level being "retested" again, with the price temporarily returning to that zone before continuing the new trend direction. These situations offer traders a second-chance opportunity to enter new emerging trends, now backed by a support or resistance level that a recent break has confirmed.

Role reversals

Be aware of role reversals where old support flips to become new resistance when breached and vice versa. When these happen, former support levels often turn to solid areas of resistance and can expose traders to even better locations to enter short trades. Likewise, breached resistance can flip to then act as dependable support. Traders can take advantage of these shifts in roles.

Multiple timeframes

Use multiple lower timeframe charts to spot more granular support and resistance levels. This allows you to time entries and exits or stops losses precisely off exact recent highs or lows rather than vague zones. The more precise your levels, the more effectively you can trade bounces or signal failures.

Here's an interesting read for you: What Is Algo Trading? 


When support and resistance levels fail

While influential when aligning with market psychology, even reliable-looking support and resistance levels can ultimately fail due to evolving conditions:

Changing fundamentals

Suppose a central bank's unexpected interest rate cut could spur new buying activity, rapidly overwhelming previously significant support and resistance levels on a chart. Or the release of poor earnings in a particular industry could lead investors to dump those company stocks, blasting through areas on the chart that had previously seemed to offer support. 


A Guide To Support And Resistance Trading


The critical point is that technical analysis is based on past price actions and patterns. Still, when fundamental conditions shift suddenly, those technical levels can quickly become obsolete as new supply/demand dynamics take over. Traders must know the fundamentals driving a market to avoid being caught off guard.

Technical momentum

For example, if a stock or index has been rising steadily, it can gain enough bullish momentum to barrel right through overhead resistance zones that might have caused it to pause or retreat in the past. The accumulated rate overwhelms the technical signal. Similarly, downward solid momentum can lead to support levels being breached. This highlights the risks of solely relying on technicals without monitoring the fundamental backdrop and momentum conditions. Strict risk management rules are essential to limit losses from whipsaws and traps. 


To recap briefly, 

Support and resistance analysis gives traders an edge by indicating zones of increased activity and potential reversals. When used prudently, these supply/demand levels offer excellent trade location and risk definition. While levels fail with changing conditions, no approach works perfectly. Thus, combining analysis with sound risk and money management creates opportunities while limiting capital risk.

Hopefully, this overview gives you a better understanding of applying support and resistance effectively based on the various techniques and trading strategies covered. Keep analyzing charts and put these models to work to make better trading decisions. Over time, you will discover the specific methods that best fit your trading style.


Master Support and Resistance Trading at

If you're looking to enhance your trading skills, rest assured that has covered you with abundant educational resources. Whether you're just starting or are an experienced trader, you'll find a wide range of informative materials to help take your trading to the next level. 

From basic trading concepts to advanced technical analysis webinars, offers expert insights you can access anytime, anywhere - 24/7. With these resources, you can sharpen your trading strategies and stay up-to-date on the latest market trends and developments.

We also encourage traders of all skill levels to open a risk-free demo account with Our state-of-the-art web and mobile platforms allow you to get hands-on practice using moving averages and other indicators. Refining your approach through virtual trading builds confidence and readiness before trading real capital.

Committed to transparency and service, we support clients so they can advance trading pursuits wisely. Join to unlock a robust ecosystem catered to elevating your success through ongoing learning and trading. 

"When considering "CFDs" for trading and price predictions, remember that trading CFDs involves a significant degree of risk and could result in capital loss. Past performance is not indicative of any future results. This information is provided for informative purposes only and should not be considered investment advice."

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