EN Down
Hi, user_no_name
Live Chat

A pool of crude oil with ripples


Crude oil, a highly valued commodity, forms the backbone of modern energy systems and plays a crucial role in global markets. Its trading is a vital component of the global economy, presenting an intriguing opportunity for new investors. 

Let's clarify the process of crude oil trading, presenting transparent insights into oil market operations.

It covers essential concepts and strategies, offering a solid foundation for beginners. With a focus on straightforward explanations, I will help you understand the workings of the crude oil market and its significance for both traders and investors.

Read up on this interesting article: What is a commodity profit calculator and how does it work?


Start Trading Now


Understanding Crude Oil 

Crude oil is a naturally occurring, unrefined form of petroleum. It is a type of fossil fuel that contains organic materials and hydrocarbon deposits, playing a critical role in various industries due to its unique properties.

Crude oil is typically extracted through drilling, often found with other resources like natural gas, which rises above the oil, and saline water, which settles beneath it. Once extracted, crude oil undergoes refining to transform into various products including gasoline, kerosene, and asphalt, which are then sold to consumers.

As a key global commodity, crude oil's pricing significantly impacts the economy. For instance, when oil prices rise, consumers face higher gasoline costs, and increased shipping expenses, and producers bear greater input costs. 

The pricing of crude oil primarily hinges on supply and demand dynamics. An abundance of oil supply or a decrease in demand tends to lower prices, whereas an increase in demand or a shortage in supply drives prices higher. 

Changes in perceived supply and demand can often be influenced by geopolitical events or natural disasters in oil-producing regions.


How does crude oil trading work?

Crude oil trading primarily focuses on two key types: Brent Crude Oil and West Texas Intermediate (WTI). The market's nature, influenced by the finite availability of crude oil, is subject to fluctuations in supply and demand. 

These fluctuations often lead to significant changes in prices, resulting in a dynamic and sometimes unpredictable trading environment. This volatility is a key aspect that attracts many traders. 

Within the categories of Brent and WTI, traders find a range of products like oil futures market CFDs and the spot oil market, each with its own set of features and risks. Understanding these products and the broader market dynamics is crucial for traders aiming to develop effective strategies for profitable trading.


How to trade in crude oil as a commodity

In crude oil trading, future delivery is often favoured over immediate delivery because the complexities of oil transportation make contracts for immediate delivery less attractive to investors.

Consequently, futures contracts are more prevalent among both investors and end-users. When participating in a commodity futures contract, traders commit to either buying or selling a predetermined quantity of crude oil at an agreed-upon price on a specified future date. To fully grasp the idea of commodity trading, it's helpful to look at a practical example.

Firstly, consider Sarah, an investor who anticipates that crude oil prices will rise in the next six months due to a projected global economic recovery. 

She purchases a futures contract to buy 1,000 barrels of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil at $60 per barrel, with an expiration in six months. If the market price exceeds $60 per barrel at that time, Sarah can sell her contract at a profit. However, if the price drops, she risks a loss.

Another scenario involves John, a trader who predicts a decline in crude oil prices shortly due to expected increases in oil production. He sells a futures contract, agreeing to deliver 500 barrels of Brent Crude oil at $65 per barrel in three months. 

If the market price falls below $65 per barrel at the contract’s expiration, John will profit by purchasing the oil at a lower market price to fulfil his contract. Conversely, if the price increases, he will face a loss.


Must-know features of the crude oil market

Crude oil is known for its high volatility and tends to show longer trending movements compared to other commodities. While companies like BPCL, ONGC, and IOC deal with crude oil, most trading in the market is done for speculative purposes rather than actual delivery. 

Understanding the factors that influence price changes in crude oil derivatives is essential for those interested in trading:

  • Supply and demand dynamics: The price of crude oil is largely driven by supply and demand. Factors such as storage capacity, production costs, and interest rates shape its price. Typically, a situation of oversupply with steady demand leads to an increase in crude oil prices.
  • OPEC announcements: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which encompasses major oil-producing nations, significantly affects the market. Announcements from OPEC can lead to immediate changes in crude oil prices.
  • Impact of political and natural events: Political instability or natural disasters in key oil-producing regions, especially in the Middle East, can have a substantial impact on oil pricing and supply channels.
  • Influence of the US Dollar: Given the significant role of the US in global oil trading, fluctuations in the US dollar value greatly influence crude oil prices.


Wrapping Up 

So, in this article, you have learned the fundamentals of crude oil trading, a pivotal segment of the crude oil & commodity market and also, how crude oil trading operates, and the key aspects of the crude oil market.

For those new to the field, grasping these elements is essential for engaging effectively in crude oil trading as a commodity. 

It's a sector filled with educational opportunities and the potential for financial gains. If you're ready to start your trading journey, visit, a leading platform in CFDs trading. 

Trade Crude Oil as a commodity now and apply the insights gained from this guide in the dynamic world of crude oil & commodity trading.


“When considering “Commodity CFDs” for trading and price predictions, remember that trading CFDs and Spread Betting involves a significant degree of risk and could result in capital loss. Past performance is not indicative of any future results. This information is provided for informative purposes only and should not be considered investment advice.”

Related Education Articles

How to trade on the commodity of crude oil

Tuesday, 16 April 2024


How Do You Trade in Crude Oil?

Gold Standard

Monday, 15 April 2024


The Gold Standard: A Historical and Its Modern Implications

How To Apply Proper Research On Stocks

Monday, 15 April 2024


How to apply proper research on Stocks

How to open a free demo account

Wednesday, 10 April 2024


How to open a free demo account

Live Chat