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Trading can be difficult and unpredictable, especially for beginners. Making wise choices is essential to becoming successful in the market. Because of this, market analysis is crucial.

By analysing stocks, you can gain insights into their potential growth, understand market trends, and make better trading decisions.

There are two primary approaches to consider: fundamental analysis and technical analysis.

In this article, we'll delve into these two different approaches, their differences and potential benefits, and how you can use both when trading.


Fundamental Analysis vs Technical Analysis What are the differences
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What is fundamental analysis?

Fundamental analysis involves evaluating a company's intrinsic value. It focuses on understanding the company's health, growth potential, and overall financial performance.

Here are some key components of fundamental analysis:

Financial statements

You can start by analysing a company's balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement to assess its financial stability, profitability, and liquidity.

These documents provide crucial information about a company's assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses, and net income.

Earnings per share (EPS)

This measures a company's profit divided by the outstanding shares of its stock. Most traders often compare EPS values over time and against competitors to gauge a company's growth potential.

Price-to-Earnings ratio (P/E)

The P/E ratio is a popular method of evaluating a stock's valuation. It is the ratio of a stock’s share price to its EPS.

A high P/E ratio may indicate the stock is overvalued, while a low ratio might suggest an undervalued one.

Dividend yield

This refers to the annual dividend payment expressed as a percentage of the stock's current price.

It shows you the amount of yearly dividend payouts you can potentially earn. From here, you can gauge potential cash flow from your trading and determine the attractiveness of a stock.

However, you should consider other factors such as the company's financial health and dividend sustainability when making trading decisions.

Market and industry analysis

So what is fundamental analysis? To sum it up, it involves assessing the overall market conditions and industry trends to understand how external factors may impact a company's performance.

Broader market conditions and industry trends, as well as economic, social, and political factors, are likely to affect a company's growth prospects, market position, and overall financial performance.

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What is technical analysis?

Technical analysis involves studying historical stock prices and volume data to try and predict future price movements.

It is based on the belief that historical market trends and patterns can help forecast the stock's future direction.

Here are some key elements of technical analysis:


Fundamental Analysis vs Technical Analysis What are the differences
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Price charts

Technical analysts use various chart types and time frames to depict patterns and trends so they can predict future price changes.

For example, line charts, bar charts, and candlestick charts are some of the ways they indicate a stock's historical price movements over different time frames.

Moving Averages (MAs)

These technical indicators help traders and analysts identify the direction of a stock's movement.

They display the averages of a stock’s price over weeks or months, allowing analysts to identify trends.

By showing price data over a specific time frame, MAs offer a clearer picture of price movements, making it easier to spot potential entry or exit points in the market.

Support and resistance levels

The support level refers to the point when many traders start buying, and demand exceeds supply. In other words, it is when a stock cannot drop any lower.

On the other hand, the resistance level is the point when a stock is unable to go any higher. This occurs when many traders start selling, making it hard for the price to go up beyond a certain point.

Hence, both support and resistance levels can help traders spot pivotal points when a stock's direction might go up or down.

Technical indicators

Analysts use various technical indicators, such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI), Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD), and Bollinger Bands, to gain insights into a stock's momentum, volatility, and overbought/oversold conditions.


Pros and cons of fundamental and technical analysis

Both fundamental and technical analysis have their strengths and weaknesses. By familiarising yourself with the difference between both, you can make better-informed decisions based on your trading goals and risk appetite.

Advantages of fundamental analysis

  • Long-term perspective: Fundamental analysis offers a deeper understanding of a company's financial health, making it a good option for traders who are on the lookout for more stable stocks.
  • Real-time data: The analysis is based on financial data in real-time, making it a timely and accurate source of data.
  • Valuation insights: Fundamental analysis can help you assess whether a stock is undervalued or overvalued so you can make more prudent decisions.

Disadvantages of fundamental analysis

  • Time-consuming: Analysing financial statements and economic conditions requires time and effort, making it unsuitable for those who are pressed for time.
  • Subjectivity: The interpretation of financial data can be subjective, so different traders may end up with various conclusions.
  • Incomplete picture: Fundamental analysis may not take into account short-term market sentiments or technical factors that impact stock prices in the short run.

Advantages of technical analysis

  • Short-term insights: Technical analysis may be useful for occasional traders seeking to capitalise on price movements in the market.
  • Visual representation: Charts and indicators help traders to identify trends and patterns more easily.
  • Aids in timing entry and exit points: Technical analysis can help you to determine entry and exit points. If used effectively, it may maximise returns and minimise losses.

Disadvantages of technical analysis

  • Limited predictive function: Technical analysis solely relies on historical data, which may not fully reflect changing market conditions and external influences.
  • Emotional traps: Some traders might succumb to emotional biases when interpreting patterns, leading to poorer decision-making.


Fundamental and technical analysis: In a nutshell

Learning the basics of stock analysis is essential if you are looking to navigate the market successfully.

Fundamental analysis enables you to assess a company's intrinsic value and long-term growth potential, while technical analysis utilises historical price data to predict short-term price movements.

While both approaches have their merits, you can gain a comprehensive understanding of a stock's potential by using a combination of both methods.

By conducting thorough research and staying abreast of market trends, you can make informed decisions that align with your trading goals and risk appetite.

Ultimately, successful stock analysis involves objectivity, patience, and discipline when trading in an ever-changing market landscape.


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When considering "CFDs" for trading and price predictions, remember that trading CFDs involves a significant degree of risk and could result in capital loss. Past performance is not indicative of any future results. This information is provided for informative purposes only and should not be construed to be investment advice."

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