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What are dividend stocks?
Dividend stocks can be found in a many long-term investors’ portfolios. If you’re wondering what they are, and how to use them when investing, then check out our guide to dividend stocks.
Dividend stocks: a guide
What are dividends?
A dividend is a portion of a company’s profits it can choose to return to shareholders. Not all companies choose to do this, but some do. Investors pursuing a dividend-led strategy buy dividend stocks because it they can earn money without having to be sold.
Dividends are paid in relation to how much stock an investor owns. The payment times differ from company to company, as they can be paid monthly, quarterly, semi-annually, or annually. For instance, if you had a dividend paying $1.00 per share, and you owned 100 shares, you would receive $1000 that year.
Shareholders like dividends because they show that the company is profitable and economically healthy. They also indicate that there is good potential for future earnings. In some countries, there are also tax benefits on dividends too.
Companies paying out may choose to do so for a number of reasons, usually to attract more investors, or to retain their current shareholders, but, as mentioned above, not all companies pay a dividend. They may instead choose to reinvest their profits back into the company.
How do dividends affect share prices?
Share prices are affected by dividends in a couple of different ways.
When a company announces it is going to pay dividends, then its share price may rise – particularly if it’s a surprise announcement. After a dividend has been paid, the share price may fall, usually by the same value as the dividend.
The issuing company’s share price tend to rise because investors will be excited about the dividend and may want to buy more shares before the pay so they can make more money. Alternatively, if the share price drops prior to pay out, it may be because dividend pay outs are expected to come from cash reserves, rather than profits.
A look at dividend yield
Investors may use dividend yield when deciding to invest in the best dividend stock for their strategy. This is the ratio that measures a company’s annual dividends against its share price.
If a company has stock worth £5.00, for example, and pays a dividend of 20p, the dividend yield will be 4%:
- 20p/£5.00 = 4%
Dividend yields can grow if the company raises its dividend amount or if the share price drops. Yields can decrease if the company lowers its dividend amount or if its share price increases.
Indices are also related to dividend yields. For example, the FTSE dividend yield refers to the yield of all the dividend paying stocks listed on that index.
Compounding wealth with dividends
Compounding wealth refers to increasing the size of a holding by reinvesting the dividends. Through reinvesting dividends, the return on investment can grow through any dividends accumulated while the position is open, alongside any capital growth from the initial amount deposited.
Let’s look at an example.
You originally invested £1,000 in shares at a cost of £5 per share. You have 200 shares. The stock pays a 20p dividend per stock. At this rate, you would earn £40 per dividend on this investment in your first year.
If the share price grows £1 each year, and the dividend yield stays at 4%, you would have made £760 from dividends after ten years. The shares would be worth £2,800 (£14×200). Total ROI would have been £2560:
- £1800 in share price growth
- £760 from dividends
If you reinvested the money from dividends, your ROI could increase year-on-year at a higher rate than share price growth. Let’s look at an example, using the same £5 per share and 40p dividend, £1 share price growth, and 4% yield:
|Share price||Dividend amount||Dividend paid||Shares bought from dividend||Total shares||Investment value|
|After year 1||£5.00||20p per share||£40||8 shares||208||£1000|
|After year 2||£6.00||24p per share||£49.92||8 shares||216||£1040|
|After year 3||£7.00||28p per share||£60.48||8 shares||224||£1568|
|After year 4||£8.00||32p per share||£71.68||9 shares||232||£1856|
|After year 5||£9.00||36p per share||£83.52||9 shares||241||£2169|
|After year 6||£10.00||40p per share||£96.40||10 shares||250||£2500|
|After year 7||£11.00||44p per share||£110.00||10 shares||260||£2860|
|After year 8||£12.00||48p per share||£124.80||10 shares||270||£3240|
|After year 9||£13.00||52p per share||£140.40||10 shares||280||£3640|
|After year 10||£14.00||56p per share||£156.80||11 shares||291||£4074|
In the above, you have earned 91 shares which will then pay out dividends. Total ROI would have been £3074 – £514 more than they would have received if they had taken the dividend pay out and not reinvested.
Best dividend stocks
What the best dividend stocks are will be down to your individual investment strategy and preferences. But, over the years, some companies have been identified as consistent high performers when it comes to dividend payments.
In the US, on the Nasdaq, for instance, the below have been identified as some of the best dividend stocks for long term investors:
- Proctor & Gamble
Whereas in 2020, on the FTSE 100, the following stocks paid high dividend payments to investors:
- BAE Systems
- Smurfit Kappa
Research is the key here. Take into account business performance and use fundamental and technical analysis so you’re as informed as you can be before you commit any capital. See here for our guide on how to pick stocks.
ExxonMobil (XOM) dividends at risk as oil futures crash?
US oil stocks are slumping in premarket trading today, as the continuing chaos for crude oil futures hammers the outlook for the world’s major energy companies. ExxonMobil (XOM) has dropped 3%, while Chevron (CVX) has slid 4%. Across the pond, FTSE-listed BP is down 4%, while Royal Dutch Shell is off 4.7%.
ExxonMobil, the largest publicly-traded US oil company, has already made some sweeping adjustments to its operations in order to cope with the turbulent market conditions as COVID-19 shutters businesses across the globe and slams the brakes on the world economy.
The company recently announced that it would cut its capital expenditure target for 2020 by 30% – equivalent to $10 billion – to $23 billion. It’s the company’s lowest capex budget for four years. On April 13th the company took advantage of improving sentiment in the debt market and raised $9.5 billion by selling bonds dated between five and 31 years at lower yields than when it tapped the debt markets three weeks prior.
But these were moves designed to help the company weather the impact of crashing oil prices before the huge dislocation in the futures market this week. With the company’s earnings due for release on May 1st and an announcement over dividends expected a few days prior, investors are questioning whether ExxonMobil can still afford to make its payouts.
ExxonMobil to cut dividends for first time in 37 years?
ExxonMobil is one of the S&P 500’s ‘Dividend Aristocrats’ – companies who have raised their dividends for at least the past 25 years. In fact, Exxon has hiked the dividend for 37 years straight, even though its organic cash flows do not cover the payments. Last year the company had $3 billion in free cash flow, while paying $14.7 billion in dividends.
JPMorgan recently estimated that Exxon would need Brent to be trading at $81 per barrel in order to be able to organically cover its dividend costs. Brent is currently trading at a quarter of that level. Its major competitors require Brent at $63 a barrel to meet their current dividend commitments.
XOM currently has a dividend yield of 8.25%. CEO Darren Woods stated at the beginning of April that he was committed to maintaining the dividend, but crude oil is now trading around $9 lower than when he made those comments.
Exxon borrowed money to finance its dividend payments last year, but this isn’t a sustainable plan in the long-term. The company’s credit rating has been cut by Moody’s and S&P in the past few weeks. The problem is, until recently analysts were talking about financing the dividend through borrowing and asset sales as being unstainable over a period of years, but current conditions have made these much more pressing questions.
XOM analyst ratings and price targets
XOM, Analyst Recommendations, Marketsx – 12.30 UTC, April 21st, 2020
XOM currently has a “Neutral” rating, according to our Analyst Recommendations tool, which shows that the majority of analysts rate the stock a “Hold”. The price target of $50 represents an upside of 21% from yesterday’s closing pricing (April 20th).
XOM, Hedge Fund Confidence, Marketsx – 12.35 UTC, April 21st, 2020
Meanwhile, hedge funds are bearish on the stock, having sold 31 million shares during the previous quarter.